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Civil Rights Activist Dorothy Height Dies

Remembering Civil Rights Activist Dorothy Height

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April 20, 2010

Legendary civil rights leader Dorothy Height, who spent most of her life battling for the empowerment of women and blacks and who had the ear of U.S. presidents from Eisenhower to Obama, died Tuesday. She was 98.

She died of natural causes at Howard University Hospital in Washington, D.C.

In 1963, Height was the only woman on the speaker's platform when Martin Luther King Jr. gave his "I Have a Dream" speech. But she wasn't on the program for the March on Washington even though she was the nucleus of the meetings held by the mostly male civil rights leaders who planned it.

Every black woman, it seems to me, has to see Dorothy Height as an inspiration.

Height told NPR in 2003 that the experience was uplifting despite the fact that a gospel singer was the only woman heard from the podium that day.

"My being seated there had some very special meaning because women had been trying to get a woman to speak on the program," Height said, "but we were always met by the planners with the idea that women were represented in all of the different groups, in the churches, in the synagogues, in the unions, organizations and the like. So the only voice we heard of a woman was that of Mahalia Jackson."

Though not a scheduled speaker, Daisy Bates was ultimately allowed to say a few words at the event.

Height said women in the movement met the next day to discuss ways to deal with the issues of racism and sexism.

"All of it was toward saying how can we bring all the people who need to understand the role that women have played, but also the predicament women face, and especially we who are women of color, where we’ve had both sex and racial discrimination as a characteristic of our lives," she said.

By the 1960s, Height had already been focused on equality and fairness for more than 30 years. And she had dedicated her life to those battles.

'An Absolute Genius'

Dorothy Irene Height was born in Richmond, Va., on March 24, 1912, and grew up in Rankin, Pa. In high school, she won a scholarship to Barnard College after winning a national oratorical contest. But she arrived after Barnard had already admitted the two blacks it accepted per year at the time. Instead, Height earned her bachelor's and master’s degrees at New York University in four years and did postgraduate studies in social work. By 1933, Height was working against lynching and for reforms in the nation’s criminal justice system and for free access to public accommodations.

Height, who was awarded the Congressional Gold Medal in 2004, is perhaps best known for her work with the National Council of Negro Women. The group's headquarters in Washington, D.C., stands steps from where slaves were once traded in the shadow of the U.S. Capitol. Height was president emerita of the NCNW.

Harvard professor Charles Ogletree called Height "an absolute genius."

"Everything that we do today is influenced by her sacrifices decades ago, her marches as a teenager against lynching, her buying a building right on Pennsylvania Avenue to in a sense to talk about the slave trade, and her commitment to open up doors for others is unparalleled," Ogletree said.

In 1937, Height was working with the YWCA in Harlem and was assigned to escort Eleanor Roosevelt into one of the Negro women's group meetings. NCNW founder Mary McLeod Bethune noticed Height and asked the young woman to join the organization’s quest for women's rights for full, equal employment, pay and education. In addition to her 33 years on the national board of the YWCA and her nearly 40 years with the NCNW, Height also served as national president of Delta Sigma Theta Sorority Inc. from 1947 to 1957. The tiny woman was known for her impeccable attire — and her stylish, striking hats.

"Every black woman, it seems to me, has to see Dorothy Height as an inspiration," said Eleanor Holmes Norton, the District of Columbia's representative in Congress.

She said everyone who was either a feminist or in the civil rights struggle has worked with Height. But black women are not the only ones who were in awe of her, according to Holmes Norton.

"Dorothy Height gets the same kind of hush when she comes into a room full of white women," the lawmaker said.

Darlene Clark Hine, a professor of history and African-American studies at Northwestern University, said Height "was able to engender greater conversations — dialog, communication — between white and black women."

She said Height's ability to bridge racial, regional and class divides between women was important, but that it was her focus on education, voter registration and political mobilization that was vital to black women, who weren't able to engage in the political process at the same level as their white counterparts after women got the vote in 1920.

A Leader In The Civil Rights Movement

Civil rights icon Rep. John Lewis (D-GA) said Height should be counted among the leaders of the movement. Her ability to distill a message and direction from a roomful of dissenting voices, he said, was extraordinary.

"Dorothy Height emerged at a time when there was male chauvinism at its height," Lewis said.

She "had the rare ability — and I think part of it was just innate — to sort of soothe the conflict, the division, the schism, and bring people together," Lewis said. "Being a woman, but more than just being a woman, she could say, 'Now brethren, now brothers and sisters,' and people listened to her."

Dorothy Height presents Eleanor Roosevelt 
with the Mary McLeod Bethune Human Rights Award in 1960.
Enlarge Bettmann/Corbis

Dorothy Height presents Eleanor Roosevelt with the Mary McLeod Bethune Human Rights Award in 1960. At the time, Height was president of the National Council of Negro Women.

Dorothy Height presents Eleanor Roosevelt with the Mary 
McLeod Bethune Human Rights Award in 1960.

Dorothy Height presents Eleanor Roosevelt with the Mary McLeod Bethune Human Rights Award in 1960. At the time, Height was president of the National Council of Negro Women.

Her fundraising abilities were legendary. "She could call her white sisters and Jewish sisters and others — she could get on the telephone and call the Rockefellers, the Fords and others, and they'd listen to her," Lewis said.

Height continued to fight for equal justice up until the end of her life. In 2008, she told NPR — while wearing a feathered purple chapeau with a fetching bow — that there is unfinished business in civil rights.

"We don't need the marches we had in the past," she said. "But we need more consideration in looking at the boardroom tables and at the policies that are going on — looking at what's happening in industry, what's happening in terms of employment opportunities, housing and the like."

And Height left a message for the young people she has worked with so passionately throughout her career. The younger generations, she said, are the beneficiaries of what a lot of people worked and gave their lives for. It is important for the young to get organized in how they will serve others, because when people work for something bigger than themselves, there's no way they can help but grow.

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Naeja Jordan (Afrodesia)

Naeja Jordan (Afrodesia) wrote:

Rest in peace good and faithful servant of the people....

Wednesday, April 21, 2010 7:59:45 PM

Greg Mt.Joy (DudeG)

Greg Mt.Joy (DudeG) wrote:

What an amazing woman. We need more women like her--the ability to bring people together and form consensus seems to be dying out.

Wednesday, April 21, 2010 10:51:00 AM

Annamary King (Kingann)

Annamary King (Kingann) wrote:

I teach at a school that is predominantly Africa
American and shared this story with my high school advisory group this morning. One of my students asked a very insightful question,"why is the first time that I am hearing about this woman when she is dead."

Wednesday, April 21, 2010 10:02:09 AM

Bettina Ferguson (Fergy)

Bettina Ferguson (Fergy) wrote:

The audio version referred to Holmes-Norton as a congresswoman and a lawmaker. Unfortunately, she is neither of these. She has no vote, being from the District of Columbia. She is a delegate and likely to stay in that non-voting status since the voting rights bill for DC was dropped.

Wednesday, April 21, 2010 6:48:55 AM

Jim Moriarty (Maineframe)

Jim Moriarty (Maineframe) wrote:

Why are we losing people like Dorothy Height and gaining freaks like Sarah Palin and Michelle Bachmann?

Tuesday, April 20, 2010 11:14:08 PM

Shannon Hudnell (ShannonHaHu)

Shannon Hudnell (ShannonHaHu) wrote:

Very inspiring! I was ignorant of who this woman was until I heard this story. More women such as Dorothy Height need to be included in American History, especially taught in high schools.

Tuesday, April 20, 2010 9:03:40 PM

MiMi Agnew (MiMi5749)

MiMi Agnew (MiMi5749) wrote:

God Bless this wonderful Lady.She knew what service to her country and the citizens was all about.She lived a Rich and Fulfilling Life giving to others.Thank you Ms.Height!

Tuesday, April 20, 2010 8:07:21 PM

Barbara Lifton (Femlawyer)

Barbara Lifton (Femlawyer) wrote:

Dorothy Height was one of the most extraordinary women I have ever been privileged to meet. I was in the room with a friend as a guest at a meeting in 1971 of many of the greatest feminist leaders of the time. They had gathered in order to establish the National Womens Political Caucus, the purpose of which was to work for the political empowerment of women. Friends of Ms. Height present that day were Belly Abzug, Gloria Steinam, Betty Friedan and many others. Ms. Height was a tower of strength, and deserved much more recognition from the Second Wave feminist movement than she received.
May she rest in peace.

Tuesday, April 20, 2010 5:04:39 PM

sam cunningham (oldognewtricks)

sam cunningham (oldognewtricks) wrote:

Rest in peace.

Tuesday, April 20, 2010 3:42:52 PM

sharon farrell (sharemusic)

sharon farrell (sharemusic) wrote:

And this is why I prefer NPR over all other news media.

Tuesday, April 20, 2010 1:54:07 PM


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