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Ethnic caucuses voice restructure concerns


6:00 P.M. ET Sept. 14, 2011

A UMNS web-only illustration created by Kathleen Barry using wordle.net.
A UMNS web-only illustration created by Kathleen Barry using wordle.net.

Leaders of five groups that represent the denomination’s ethnic constituencies caution that proposals to restructure The United Methodist Church are “too drastic.”

The leaders are responding to proposed legislation that the General Conference, the denomination’s top lawmaking body, will take up next year. 

Among other proposed changes, the legislation would consolidate nine of the denomination’s 13 general agencies into a new United Methodist Center for Connectional Mission and Ministry. The center would have a 15-member board of directors, which would be accountable to a 45-member advisory board called the General Council for Strategy and Oversight. The council replaces the Connectional Table, which was created by the 2004 General Conference and coordinates the denomination’s mission, ministries and resources.

The proposed consolidation and concentration of power in the 15-member board will reduce the participation of racial and ethnic minorities, the Inter-Ethnic Strategy Development Group said in a statement released late Sept. 9.

The statement said the group feels “the proposed restructure of our church and the legislation ... is too drastic a change.

“It minimizes and will exclude the participation of racial ethnic persons, and works against the principle of inclusiveness that we see as one of the important values our church has to offer to the multicultural, multiracial society in which we live and do ministry.”

Bishop Gregory V. Palmer addresses a joint meeting of the Connectional Table and the General Council on Finance and Administration 
in this 2009 photo. A UMNS file photo by Ronny Perry.
Bishop Gregory V. Palmer addresses a joint meeting
of the Connectional Table and the General Council
on Finance and Administration in this 2009 photo.
A UMNS file photo by Ronny Perry.

Illinois Area Bishop Gregory V. Palmer, who helped devise the proposed changes, disagrees.

"The assumption that an operational change cannot embody our commitments to inclusiveness and diversity is fundamentally flawed,” he said. 

The inter-ethnic group includes leaders of the denomination’s five official ethnic caucuses: Black Methodists for Church Renewal, Metodistas Asociados Representando la Causa de los Hispano-Americanos, National Federation of Asian American United Methodists, Native American International Caucus and Pacific Islander National Caucus of United Methodists

“Altogether, the groups have about 4,000 members in the United States. The denomination has more than 12 million members worldwide, of which 7.8 million reside in the United States. About 686,000 United Methodist lay members in the United States are ethnic minorities.”

At this point, most of the groups still are tallying how many members will be delegates to the 2012 General Conference. They wanted to release their statement now to encourage all church members to “scrutinize the legislation,” said Pamela Crosby, executive director of Black Methodists for Church Renewal.

Raúl Alegría, president of the denomination’s Hispanic caucus, stressed that the ethnic caucus leaders understand that The United Methodist Church needs to make changes.

Raúl B. Alegría. A UMNS photo by Bilha Alegría.
Raúl B. Alegría. A UMNS
photo by Bilha Alegría.

“But we want to make sure the church not only in its structure but also in its annual conferences will continue to embrace the diversity that’s already in our communities,” he said. “We also want to empower and enable churches to make sure they are places where people from different ethnic-language groups can feel welcome.”

General Conference ultimately will determine whether the proposed changes are accepted.

Concerns about process

One of the inter-ethnic group’s main concerns is that the legislation was drafted with “little or no consultation with the different ethnic constituencies of our church.”

“It seems like it was rushed through to just make sure they made the General Conference deadline,” Crosby said, “and in the process things get left out, and discussions that need to be had are omitted.”

The recommended restructuring is the result of the church’s multiyear Call to Action process, which aims to address decades of decline in the denomination’s U.S. membership and increase congregational vitality. 

The suggested changes originated with the Interim Operations Team, a group of eight laity and clergy working with denominational leadership to implement the Call to Action recommendations. Palmer is the convener of the Interim Operations Team, which has been meeting since March.

Donald Hayashi. A UMNS 2007 file photo by Kathy Gilbert.
Donald Hayashi. A UMNS 2007
file photo by Kathy Gilbert.

The Connectional Table refined and endorsed the recommendations at its July meeting. A month later by email, the members of the Connectional Table voted 26 to eight in favor of the drafted legislation, with nine members abstaining.

Each of the ethnic caucuses has a representative on the Connectional Table, including two of the signers of the inter-ethnic statement, Alegría and Anne Marshall of the denomination’s Native American caucus. Both voted against the legislation.

At the Connectional Table meeting, Alegría said he affirmed the recommendations the Interim Operations Team presented. Yet, he voted no to the drafted legislation, he said, because its timeline for consolidating the agencies is significantly quicker than the two years he heard in July.

Under the legislation, the newly created United Methodist Center for Connectional Mission and Ministry will have responsibility effective July 31, 2012, for the work now assigned to nine general agencies.

“It essentially eliminates all the boards and agencies as structures following the conclusion of General Conference,” Alegría said. “And that’s not what I understood would be taking place. …There’s no time for transition from where we are now to the proposed restructure.”

Mary Brooke Casad, the Connectional Table’s executive secretary, said the July 2012 deadline only applies to putting the governance structures in place.

“It does not impact the agency work and staff,” she said.

General agencies and annual conferences

Marshall, chair of the Native American International Caucus, has her own misgivings about the legislation. Like other ethnic caucus leaders, she worries that the planned restructuring will weaken the work now done by general agencies on behalf of ethnic minorities. 

“We feel the general agencies have been silenced (in this process),” said Marshall, a member of the Muscogee (Creek) tribe.

Pamela Crosby. A UMNS file photo.
Pamela Crosby. A UMNS file photo.

Staff and board members of the general agencies “have been far more sensitive and concerned with … the needs of racial/ethnic communities than annual conferences,” said the inter-ethnic group’s statement. “Their advocacy and resources have made possible the full participation of racial/ethnic persons at the General Church level and helped annual conferences become more inclusive and responsive to the spiritual needs of racial/ethnic persons.”

As the United States has become more ethnically diverse, the caucus leaders said general agencies have taken the lead in helping to plant churches and provide resources for evangelism among different ethnic groups.

Alegría specifically pointed to the five “national plans” housed at the United Methodist Board of Global Ministries and Board of Discipleship. The plans help plant churches to reach different racial and language groups in the United States. For example, the National Plan for Hispanic/Latino Ministry as of March had helped plant 59 new predominantly Hispanic congregations since 2008.

More than 91 percent of the denomination’s U.S. lay membership was non-Hispanic white in 2009, according to the most recent data from the denomination’s General Council of Finance and Administration. In contrast, the 2010 Census reports that the U.S. population overall is 72.4 percent white, 16.3 percent Hispanic, 12 percent African-American and 4.8 Asian.

The United Methodist Church in the United States will continue to shrink unless it starts reaching more potential disciples in the country’s other ethnic groups, said Donald L. Hayashi, president of the National Federation of Asian American United Methodists.

“We find that the legislation as it is now is unacceptable,” Hayashi said. “It will be counterproductive to the growth of our church. It will set back ministry many years.”

The ethnic caucus leaders acknowledge that the agencies have some duplication of duties. However, in their statement, they urge General Conference delegates first to consider legislation coming from general agencies aimed at addressing denominational concerns.

East Ohio Area Bishop John L. Hopkins, chair of the Connectional Table, said he appreciates the perspective of the inter-ethnic group and welcomes more “holy conversations” across the United Methodist connection in the coming months.

“The Connectional Table’s initiatives addressing the role and governance of the general agencies are only a small part of a comprehensive set of changes,” he said by email. “We look forward to ongoing dialogue about the critical challenges of the Church that led to the Call to Action effort, the core values undergirding ministry effectiveness and United Methodist life and the best ways to organize time, talent and resources for the urgent need to create and sustain an increase in the number of vital congregations.”

*Hahn is a multimedia news reporter for United Methodist News Service.

News media contact: Heather Hahn, Nashville, Tenn., (615) 742-5470 or newsdesk@umcom.org.

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Showing 15 comments

  • Pantocrator 1 comment collapsed Collapse Expand
    We need to urge our delegates to REJECT proposals to dismantle guaranteed appointment/equitable compensation until a suitable alternative securing the dignity and equal treatment of non white and female pastors can be secured.

    We are kidding ourselves if we think that bias, racism, sexism, and abuse of authority do not exist in the UMC.  Read the remarks below, and you will see how racist and indifferent people can be.  As Hispanics become 70, 80, 90% of the Texas population, can United Methodism afford to become 0.2% of the majority population?  So what if most Hispanics are Catholic and Pentecostal: John...
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  • EstherofEastOhio 1 comment collapsed Collapse Expand
    I believe a great start to the diversity issue would be to offer more scholarships to students of various origins, as well as  women.

    As someone who grew up in the denomination and then leaving for seven years to be involved in a mega church I understand what people are yearning for in order to grow spiritually as Christians as well as emotional.  In order to reach people under the age of sixty we need to change our worship style as it was in the 1800 which was guided by the Holy Spirit rather than man.  Also people want to...
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  • Creed Pogue 2 comments collapsed Collapse Expand
    We should be realistic about race and religion in the US.  Most Hispanics are Catholic.  The other quarter are mostly Pentecostal.  We need to be open and welcoming, but expecting a sudden surge of Latinos isn't practical.  Even in Desert Southwest, a Hispanic bishop has not meant any real increase in the number of Latino members in an area with a very large Hispanic population.

    We should also remember that over two million African-Americans are members of the AME, AMEZ or CME.  Increasing from 428K to 449K African-Americans from 2003 to 2009 is better than a decrease, but is no where...
    show more
  • Pantocrator 1 comment collapsed Collapse Expand
    Creed - 95% of all new residents to Texas under 18 over the last 10 years were Hispanic.  In my conference, where Hispanics grew from 54% of the population to 58% in the last ten years, 8 out of every 100 Anglos in the general population is already UMC, 2 out of every 100 African Americans, yet only 3 out of 1000 Hispanics is United Methodist.  Our indifference is causing our church to be wiped off the map.  

    Our movement was born in a Pentecostal style revival within the Episcopal/Anglican Church.  In those days, "Methodist Episcopal" meant "Pentecostal Catholic."  The...
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  • Creed Pogue 2 comments collapsed Collapse Expand
    We should also ask why UMW is being maintained as a separate general agency.  UMW isn't receiving any apportionment funds and isn't making any contribution to any general agency ministries.  We should take UMW out of the Discipline and let them be self-organized.
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  • Marsha Base 1 comment collapsed Collapse Expand
    I don't think UMW would have a problem with this. It used to be seperate from the Generla Church, but was brought into the fold in an attempt to control the women's money and power. Nice they are getting it back.
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  • Creed Pogue 1 comment collapsed Collapse Expand
    There needs to be a serious discussion about the finances of this proposal.  Does each general agency board meet twice a year and does each meeting cost $112,500?  Some of these boards only have a couple dozen members?

    With the costs listed, we are going to be lucky to save $1 to $1.27 million a year.  Which is a nice amount, but a far cry from a 6% reduction.  It is also causing a major reduction in the voice of the rank and file laity who are the ones who pay the bills.  This proposal goes in a completely wrong...
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  • Guy Ames 1 comment collapsed Collapse Expand
    As much as we would wish to expand meaningful inclusion of different ethnic constituincies we will never be able to do this until we expand the work of the local church into those communities.  PATH ONE has the greatest possibilty of heping us to reach beyond the traditional white membership of the UMC.  The UMC needs people of color and new immigrant communities and traditional American ethnic minority groups, but sadly our history has not been strong in reaching out to these communities.  After years of frustration in attempting to build churches that are multi-colored and multi-cultural we would do...
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  • HHH_AAA 2 comments collapsed Collapse Expand
    Altogether, the groups represent about 4,000 United Methodists in the United States. The denomination has more than 12 million members worldwide. WHAT? I WOULD LIKE TO BELIEVE THIS FIGURE IS COMPLETLY INCORRECT- if this is all the ethnic diversity in our denomination we truly need to be ashamed of ourselves.
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  • NMex 1 comment collapsed Collapse Expand
    I don't think that a UMC person should be ashamed that there aren't more ethnic minorities in the church.  Take the average Black Baptist Church or Pentecostal church and se how many white people are there in attendance.  I suspect there are more minorities in the UMC pews than there a caucasians in the Black churches.  Does that mean the Black churches should be ashamed of themselves for not being more diverse?  I don't think so.  Let's face it Black Americans are a lot more lively in their worship (especially the frozen chosen UMC congregations) and that is cool.  It...
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  • David Miller 5 comments collapsed Collapse Expand
    To say that these caucuses represent only 4,000 people is highly misleading.  Black Methodists for Church Renewal claims to represent a half million African-American United Methodists.  As a former pastor of an African-American congregation, I know that African-American churches look to BMCR to represent their interests in the church at large, even if most church members are not BMCR members.
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  • UMNS editor 4 comments collapsed Collapse Expand
    Good point. Please know we are clarifying that this means 4,000 members, as opposed to the denomination's full diversity.
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  • Linda Harris 3 comments collapsed Collapse Expand
    Will this be printed anyplace other than this forum?  To allow the public to think that our diversity is so low is an injustice to the persons of Color among us.  To compare U.S. Ethic numbers with world wide membership is also misleading.  Lets compare apples to apples.  Why not show Worldwide Ethic numbers against worldwide white, not Hispanic numbers?  This would certainly change things.  I pray this correction is made public.  Otherwise we may be as guilty of  media spin as is the regular media.  I thought we had a different calling.
    show more show less
  • UMNS editor 2 comments collapsed Collapse Expand
    The caucuses, which primarily serve United Methodists in the United States, together have about 4,000 members. That is certainly not every ethnic minority United Methodist in the United States. However, the denomination is not keeping pace with the U.S. population’s diversity. Of the denomination’s 7.8 million members in the United States, about 91.2 percent are white, according to the most recent figures from the General Council on Finance and Administration. That means fewer than 70,000 U.S. church members are ethnic or  racial minorities.  My thinking was to show that these caucuses are not huge by the standards of the global church, but...
    show more
  • UMNS editor 1 comment collapsed Collapse Expand
    Please forgive me in my clarfication, I have a math error. It should be fewer than 700,000 — not 70,000  — U.S. church members are ethnic or racial minorities.
    show more show less


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