|United Methodists confront nation’s pressing problems|
By Tim Tanton*
July 20, 2009 | ABIDJAN, Côte d’Ivoire (UMNS)
The cry is heard from the streets early each morning, in neighborhoods around this teeming West African city.
“Fanico, fanico, fanico!”
A "fanico" laundry worker carries a
dripping bundle of washed clothes
from a stream in the Foret du Banco neighborhood outside Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire. UMNS photos by Mike DuBose.
It is a call for laundry. Out in the street, people who wash clothes
for a living are pushing and pulling large, medieval-looking wooden
carts on three wheels. The clothes washers are known as the “fanico,”
meaning “cloth” in the Dioula language.
Customers in the neighborhood hand over their dirty laundry to the
fanico, who pile the apparel in their carts and haul it off to a stream
on the outskirts of Abidjan. At the end of the day, the fanico return
to the neighborhoods with the clothes washed and sun-dried. The fanico
themselves will make their way home in clothes that are damp and dirty
from a long day of labor in the sun, mud and water.
The work is hard, says Ibrahim Kansore, 28, a strapping man who stands
over 6 feet. Why do they do it? “Because of poverty,” he says, speaking
“It’s just to survive.”
Poverty is staggering in Côte d’Ivoire, and it is one of many big-issue
problems challenging this country of 21 million people. About a fifth
of the people live in Abidjan, the commercial capital, where
contemporary structures stand next to buildings erected during the
French colonial era, a half-century or more earlier. An air of
stagnation hangs over many parts of town, where large numbers of young
people walk the streets against a backdrop of fatigued-looking
buildings and crumbling market stalls.
In the thick of it all, The United Methodist Church is a powerful presence, sharing the gospel, operating schools, providing health care and offering ministries aimed at lifting people out of poverty.
It was only five years ago when the Protestant Methodist Church of Cote
d’Ivoire joined the United Methodist denomination, but in that time, it
has immersed itself in the mission-critical areas of the larger church.
It is developing leaders, trying to keep up with a membership that is
growing as much as 8 percent annually. The Ivoirian church is also
advancing global health, operating schools and providing other services.
Overseeing the church is Bishop Benjamin Boni, a quiet man with an
easygoing manner and a firm belief in prayer. With God in front and his
church behind him, Boni is working to multiply his pastors—a group
anchored by barely 100 ordained clergy—and help end what people refer
to as Côte d’Ivoire’s crisis, a period of political instability
exacerbated by civil war.
After gaining its independence from France in 1960, the country enjoyed
relative stability until a December 1999 coup d’etat by disgruntled
soldiers. A year of shaky peace followed before the military ruler was
In 2002, soldiers sparked another rebellion, defying government plans
for their demobilization. With the addition of other rebel groups, the
uprising exploded into a five-year war. Peace agreements in July 2007
left the rebel Forces Nouvelles -- or New Forces – in control of the
largely Muslim northern part of the country.
Students applaud during a lesson at
The United Methodist Church's Adjame Primary School outside Abidjan.
Boni has gone into rebel-held areas as a member of the Forum of
Religious Leaders, which includes Muslims as well as Catholics and
Protestants. He was part of a delegation that met with rebel soldiers
in the northern towns of Bouaké and Korhogo, and he has met with Blaise
Compaoré, Burkina Faso’s president and facilitator of the peace process.
“The church has always been involved, since its creation, in all the
great steps of the history of this country,” he says. “So when the
crisis started, the church was present to bring its message.” Through
Boni’s personal involvement as well as the ministry of army chaplains
and others, the church has been engaged throughout the peace process.
In former rebel-held areas, many people have surrendered their lives to
Jesus, and the church needs pastors to minister to them, Boni says.
“The church is fast growing, and we give glory to God, but the question
is how to have enough pastors for all the nation,” he says.
‘The area is huge’
With only about 109 pastors, the conference relies heavily on 6,000
local pastors, 7,000 class leaders and other laity to help guide the
work of the church. The conference’s 700,000 members are part of a
wider community of about 1 million people served by the denomination.
Training more leaders is critical. The conference is developing a lay
preachers program, a class leaders program and a children’s service
program, says the Rev. Isaac Agre, president of the conference board of
Jordan Temple United Methodist
Church sits just yards from the beach
in Lahou-Plage, Côte d'Ivoire.
Lack of financial resources is a problem. In 2008, 121 people applied
for pastor training, but financial limitations meant only 20 could be
chosen, Agre says. Training pastors takes about four years, and the
church pays for everything, including food, he says.
In addition, financial resources are needed to build churches and buy
cars for pastors, as well as do the follow-up work necessary so a
member can be “dynamic in his environment,” Agre says.
Despite the challenges, Boni and his leaders are excited about the possibilities for evangelizing and growing The United Methodist Church.
Jean Yoou, who recently completed a three-year stint as conference lay
leader, says the church has sent 35 lay missionaries into other areas
of Côte d’Ivoire in the past two years. “Of course, it is not enough. …
The area is huge.”
As the early missionaries did, the church must bring ministries such as
schools and hospitals closer to the people, Yoou says. That’s the only
way to show the church is not abstract but is valuable to people’s
lives, he says. To do this, “we need money.”
The conference is asking each church member to give 5 central African
francs a day—approximately 1 U.S. penny—to support that work. The plan
is to create investment opportunities that would fund the church’s
evangelization program and the training of pastors and laity.
“What brings all these people to this church is that The United
Methodist Church is a well-structured denomination through which the
word of God is preached,” says Georgette Assare Badjo, a women’s leader
at Nazareth United Methodist Church in Yamoussoukro.
“And of course,” she says, “The United Methodist Church brings its
members to live in the way that pleases God. This church has led us …
to know Christ through the word of God.”
The church has the delicate job of evangelizing in a country where up
to a third of the people are Christian, one-third are Muslim and about
one-fifth follow traditional African religions.
“Generally speaking, The United Methodist Church is respected in this
country,” Yoou notes. That respect is fed in part by the church’s
involvement in education, health care and other services that improve
people’s lives, he says.
Pauline Nguessan takes her seat on "Noah's Ark," the United Methodist
water taxi outside the United Methodist church in Groguida, Côte d'Ivoire.
Villages with United Methodist churches usually have a church-related
primary school. The church also operates health care facilities, most
notably Dabou Methodist Hospital, and an orphanage in Dabou.
Boni is part of the team for the denomination’s Global Health Initiative,
which is focusing on malaria, AIDS and tuberculosis – the diseases of
poverty. “The United Methodist Church of Côte d’Ivoire would like to
see the strategy for stamping out the diseases of poverty as a
reality,” says Yed Esaie Angoran, a member of Boni’s cabinet.
In addressing poverty, the conference is encouraging every local
congregation to embrace at least one income-generating project to
create jobs and help the church. Some churches make and sell jam, soy
milk, attiéké – a cassava-based dish – and other food items.
The Clef Sarepta – or Sarepta Key – microfinancing bank, founded by
United Methodist women, provides small-business loans to help women
become self-supporting. Ranatu Ibitowa, a women’s leader involved in
the bank, describes it as a development organization inspired by God.
“We put God ahead of everything,” she says.
Clergy couple Desire Patrice Obro (left)
and Leontine Obro welcome visitors
to Alépé United Methodist Church.
One of the next big steps for the conference will be the launch of a
community radio station, which would provide the church with the means
of tying together all of its ministries – evangelism, education, the
provision of important information on health care and messages
With the help of United Methodist Communications, Ginghamsburg United
Methodist Church in Tipp City, Ohio, and the denomination’s Texas
Conference, the radio station is expected to begin operation in Côte
d’Ivoire this year. The move will enable the church to speak more
powerfully to a national audience.
Says Boni: “As a church we need to give the message of hope to the
people of the church, but also to the nation -- to move the nation
For Ibrahim Kansore and the other clothes washers, development can’t
come soon enough. He came to Côte d’Ivoire from neighboring Burkina
Faso about three years ago with his wife, drawn by the lure of a better
Young men make a
meager living washing clothes in the stream.
He is among about 100 people washing clothes in a stream that crosses
under the highway west out of Abidjan. They scrub the clothes on flat
boulders or in rubber tires, then spread them out to dry on the grass,
rocks, bushes and guardrails. Thousands of shirts, skirts, pants and
linens form a multicolored panorama stretching hundreds of yards along
Washing clothes is a difficult way to earn a living, Kansore says,
explaining that he walks long distances and carries heavy loads. He
makes about 50 central African francs per item, and can earn 5,000 to
6,000 cfa in a day – less than US$13.
Though he has never met Bishop Boni, the young clothes washer would
find he shares a common bond of faith with the United Methodist leader.
Mired in the poverty of his adopted country, Kansore says his future is
in the hands of the Lord.
“What God will give me,” he says, “I will take.”
NOTE: Since the interviews were conducted for this story, Ivoirian
officials have shut down the fanico operation, citing problems with
water flow and flooding caused by the tires and blocks embedded in the
stream. Authorities have said the fanico will be relocated to another
area north of Abidjan.
*Tanton is director of the Media Group for United Methodist Communications.
News media contact: Tim Tanton, Nashville, Tenn., (615) 742-5470 or firstname.lastname@example.org.
Making a difference in Côte d’Ivoire
Scenes of Côte d'Ivoire
Covering a Family
A brief history of Methodism in Cote d’Ivoire
Boni becomes first United Methodist bishop of Cote d’Ivoire
Cote d’Ivoire denomination joins United Methodist Church
Economic empowerment as Christian mission
Cote d’Ivoire: Poverty getting worse – study
Campaign offers life-saving help to Ivoirian families
United Methodists celebrate partnership
Eglise Methodiste Unie Cote d’Ivoire
Timeline: Ivory Coast
Q&A: Ivory Coast’s crisis
Country profile: Ivory Coast
Cote d’Ivoire (U.S. Department of State)
Cote d’Ivoire (CIA World Factbook)
La Clef Sarepta
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