|Redeploy church resources, financial officers say|
The Rev. Kendall Waller, treasurer of The United Methodist Church’s Missouri
Annual (regional) Conference, addresses the denomination’s Council of
Bishops on pension concerns. UMNS photos by Linda Green.
By Linda Green*
May 7, 2009 | BETHESDA, Md. (UMNS)
The United Methodist Church is rich in property and human resources,
but its debts and obligations to health care are hurting the
denomination’s annual conferences.
“We are starting to have a cash problem and we need a workout plan,”
said Barbara Boigegrain, top executive of the United Methodist Board of
Pension and Health Benefits in a May 6 “state of the church” finance
report to the Council of Bishops.
The church needs to redeploy its resources, but creating a long-term
plan calls for more information from annual conferences, she said.
Barbara Boigegrain talks about the formation of the Sustainability
Advisory Group, which will determine
the financial health of annual
conferences across the country.
Boigegrain announced the formation of a Sustained Advisory Group
from among conference treasurers, benefit officers and other actuarial
officers to determine the fiscal health of the denomination’s 62 U.S.
According to Neil Alexander, top executive of the United Methodist
Publishing House, church financial experts are working to discern the
consequences of the global economic downturn, including the human and
In Germany, citizens are losing jobs or have shortened work weeks,
which are influencing the money they can give to the church, he
reported. A church in the Philippines missed a payroll period in April.
Unemployment in Zimbabwe is more than 90 percent, and HIV/AIDS
ministries have been curtailed.
Stories of economic difficulties in the United States vary from
church to church, with downsizing of staff and cutting of ministries
but increasing outreach to help the needy in their communities,
Alexander said. United Methodist schools and seminaries have endowment
losses of nearly 25 percent. “A number of our schools are seriously
hurting,” he said.
In addition, job uncertainty is causing psychological, physical and
spiritual stress, increasing demands on church professional care and
counseling. Pastors are receiving more requests for food, diapers and
necessities from members and from those in the community. Older church
members are worried about having enough money to see them through the
rest of their lives.
Era of austerity
Edward Kelly Jr., chair of the Publishing House’s board of
directors, said the country has entered an era of austerity. Tight
resources are causing every organization to get more done with less, he
When can normalcy be expected to return? “No one knows that either,”
he said. “Perhaps in three years, if we are very smart and very lucky.
. . . Quite possibly, 10 years. A huge amount of healing must take
Edward W. Kelly Jr. speaks to the causes
of the global financial crisis.
The financial situation has placed stress on payment plans and
benefits paid to church and agency staff members and clergy, Alexander
and Boigregrain said. Pensions are contracting and pension funding in
the United States is at an average of 67 percent and funding for clergy
pensions has dropped to 93 percent.
Two years ago, for example, the United Methodist Publishing House’s
pension plan was fully funded. Today, funding has decreased to 60
percent. “We went from the current plan paying all outgoing costs each
year for the last 20 years to needing to come up with $7.5 million that
we have never had to come up with before,” Alexander said.
The Publishing House’s shortfall means it will not be able this year
to distribute a total of $1 million in “Cokesbury” checks to annual
conferences for retired clergy in the United States and in the Central
What is needed, Alexander declared, is attentive, non-anxious
leaders animated by the gospel, leaders who demonstrate frugality and
an ability to curtail spending in dramatic ways.
Conversations already have begun regarding reductions of the assets
in the church’s pension program, Boigegrain said. “Over time, we are
going to need to collect higher contributions to ensure that we are
able to pay all of the benefits that are ultimately payable.”
“Can the church afford the current benefit plan?” Boigegrain asked. “We have no clue.”
Levels of severity
The Rev. Kendall Waller, a financial officer from the Missouri
Conference, said the economic downturn has affected annual conferences
in different ways. “For some it is no big deal and for others it has
different levels of severity,” he said.
Within four years, 22 of the 62 annual conferences “will no longer
be able to underwrite the pension program as it is,” he predicted.
The church can either let the crisis “cause us to fail faster,”
Boigegrain said, or “start identifying available resources and making
decisions to realign them so that we can continue to feed people and
sustain church activity where people need it most.”
In addition to the Sustainability Advisory Group, the denomination’s
Council on Finance and Administration is analyzing data to determine
the fiscal health of local churches and the degree of dependence upon
income generated from endowments, grants and equitable compensation.
The agency is participating with other denominations and faith
traditions in a 2009 congregational life survey, which examines giving
practices, personal finance and spiritual giving practices. According
to Moses Kumar, the agency’s top executive, the collected data will
provide comparative information on how economic trends are influencing
giving from people in the pew.
In May, the agency also is releasing a survey of conference
treasurers to determine the financial health of annual conferences and
provide a year-to-year comparison of local church apportionment
While there is economic concern, Kumar reported that people also
have increased giving. So far, total year-to-date giving increased in
18 annual conferences by $500,000 compared to 2008, but total giving
for apportioned funds is down 16.5 percent, or $2.8 million, from 2008.
“Historically giving in the first quarters is highly variable,” he
wrote in a handout to the bishops. “Giving may be up or down in one
quarter for many reasons and is not a reliable indication of what will
happen in the following quarters.”
*Green is a United Methodist News Service news writer based in Nashville, Tenn.
News media contact: Linda Green, (615) 742-5470 or email@example.com.
Churches offer services to the jobless
Church leaders speak out on economic suffering
Church economic advisers assess recession's impact
Economy’s effect on church giving, budgets uncertain
General Board of Pension and Health Benefits
United Methodist Publishing House
General Council on Finance and Administration
Social Principles: The Economic Community